Logo of JTBF

Japanese | English

Font Size:   
Top Page  About JTBF  

Japan-Thailand Business Forum


Japan Thailand Business Forum is an association which consists of persons who have once worked in Thailand as executives of various Japanese companies as well as government offices located in Thailand.

It was organized in August 2002 for a purpose of exchanging frank opinions with Thai authorities in regard to tourism, economy, investment and other various subjects.


Sceneries of Thailand
sketched by H. Murata

Thailand-Myammer immigration, Maesai Chiangrai. Tachileik, Myammer beyond the border gate.


Reports of Chinese Junks

36th Release 2021.9.1
Public Relations Committee of JTBF

It is considered that the trade between Japan and Thailand stopped during Japan's "sakoku" era starting in 1630s when Japan closed her door to the rest of the world. But it actually continued through intermediary of Chinese junks, which voyaged from not only Chinese coasts but also from Southeast Asian coasts. They were permitted to enter Nagasaki harbor of Japan but were obligated to report political and social situations of the country of departure. Those reports still remain to our public view. Mr. Yoneo Ishii, late honorary professor of Kyoto University, focused on reports of junks which came from Southeast Asian coasts, translated to English and edited to a book "The Junk Trade from Southeast Asia". Public Relations Committee of JTBF are intersted in introducing the book and are delivering, on this web site, selected reports of junks which came from Thailand. Will be released every month 2 to 3 articles in time sequence. We are grateful to Mr. Tadashi Ishii, son of Mr. Yoneo Ishii, for kindly accepting our request to use copyright of the book of Mr. Yoneo Ishii.


Ship No.100 from Siam, 23 August 1697

Our ship was fitted out in Siam. With 66 tojn on board we left Siam on the 27th day of the 4th month [15 June] without an accompanying ship. Two ships had left the same port ahead of us. We have been told here that both of them are here already. Two ships from the Great Qing were going to sail to Siam for trade. We heard that these ships were supposed to be coming here but due to a delay in their departure, they might not be able to do so. During our recent voyage nothing unusual happened, except that on the 7th day of the 6th month there was a storm off Taiwan which endangered our ship. We threw the upper cargoes overboard to reduce the weight of our ship and drifted for a while until the wind stopped blowing. We managed to proceed and once we had escaped the storm we intended to enter here directly. However, on the 3rd day of this month, we were enveloped in a thick fog and failed to see the mountains. We had to cast anchor at Kabashima in the territory of Amakusa. We fired a gun as a signal and a patrol boat came to us immediately. Today we were towed to this port under close guard. Except for casting anchor in the territory of Amakusa we made no other stops in Japan. Our captain Xu Senguan came here nine years ago as a captain. This is the first voyage to Japan for our vice-captain Xu Cengguan and our ship. In Siam there was nothing unusual and peace prevails as before. We heard no news about disturbances in the neighbouring "inner" countries. Two Dutch ships from Kelapa came to Siam. They are bound for Japan. At the time of our departure, however, they were yet to set sail. There is nothing else to report to you.

The 7th day of the 7th month; Year of the Ox.


Ship No.101 from Ligor, 27 August 1697

Originally our ship was fitted out in Ningbo, and in the 12th month of last winter we went to Ligor in Siam for trade where we did some business and stayed for a while. On the 20th day of the 4th month [10 June] of this year we left Ligor on our own without an accompanying ship with the remaining cargo and newly procured local products and 47 tojin on board. No ship followed us from Ligor. Five merchant ships from the Great Qing were visiting Ligor, but since they were small ships they probably will have returned home. During our voyage we were blown off the route of the favourable winds and had spent many days at sea when on the 16th day of the 6th month [2 August] a storm picked up. We drifted as fortune took us and due to thick fog we missed sighting the mountains and failed to sail directly to Nagasaki. We were compelled to cast anchor in the territory of Satsuma where we fired a gun as a signal. Immediately afterwards a patrol boat emerged and we were towed away under close guard to this place today. Except for casting anchor in the territory of Satsuma, we did not stop anywhere else in Japan. This has been the first voyage to Japan for both our captain Bao Yingliang and the ship. In Ligor nothing has happened and the land is peaceful. We heard that peace prevails in Siam and its neighbouring "inner countries". Because we went to Ligor last winter we have no knowledge about the situation in the Great Qing. There was nothing unusual in Ligor. There is nothing else to report to you.

The 11th day of the 7th month, Year of the Ox.


Ship No.102 from Ligor, 1 September 1697

Originally our ship was fitted out in Ningbo and we went to Ligor in Siam for trade last winter in the 12th month. After we had completed our business we stayed there. At first we thought that we should return home but [we changed our minds] since we had so much unsold cargo. With an additional consignment of local products we left Ligor on the 2nd day of the 5th month [20 June] of this year with 55 tojin on board without an accompanying ship. Bao Yingliang's ship had left Ligor for Nagasaki ahead of us. Now we have been told that it has entered here already as Ship No. 101. Three or four merchant ships from the Great Qing were there but all of them should have returned home. During our recent voyage we sailed with the wrong winds and spent more days at sea than expected. We managed to proceed and had hoped to enter here without stopping in Japan. Off Nagasaki strong winds caused us to cast anchor there. We asked tugboats to help us and were brought here today. Our captain Li Shifang came here five years ago as purser. This is the first voyage to Japan for this ship. In Ligor nothing has happened and peace prevails. Nothing unusual had happened in the neighbouring "inner countries" either. Because we stayed in Ligor over winter, we have no knowledge about the situation in the Great Qing for this year. The captains of the ships coming from different ports of the Great Qing will probably report to you in detail. There is nothing else to report to you.

The 16th day of the 7th month, Year of the Ox.




 Royal Thai Embassy /  Board of Investment /  Tourism Authority of Thailand /  JTECS /  AOTS /  JCC Bangkok /  JFTC /